Paper — A Threat from Within: Comparing and Contrasting Germany’s AfD and NPD in 2024

By Linus B. Höller[1] Header image: Far-right protesters rally in Berlin in August of 2020. The imperial flag is used as a non-prohibited symbol of Germany’s perceived “glorious past.” Photo: Linus Höller/TWU Introduction and Definitions Germany inhabits a unique place in the world of the far right. On the one hand, it was the implementer…

Paper – Moving mountains: Common policy goals among landlocked, mountainous countries may serve as a basis for UNFCCC coalition-building

Linus Höller,Northwestern University[1] First published 2023 June 7 Abstract Landlocked, mountainous countries, although scattered around the globe, share a unifying set of geographical features and are impacted by climate change in similar ways. Yet the concerns of mountain countries find relatively little international recognition, including in international environmental and climate change negotiations, owing in part…

Neutral Austria and Switzerland join Germany’s “Sky Shield,” further redefining Europe’s Defense future

By Linus Höller The foreign ministers of traditionally neutral Austria and Switzerland officially declared their intent to join the German-led “Sky Shield” air defense alliance Friday. The move has reignited debates about what it means to maintain neutrality and is likely to draw criticism from France and Italy for its reliance on American — rather…

After Illinois Tornado Outbreak, a Question Lingers: Is Chicagoland getting more Tornadoes?

Severe storms swept across much of the central United States on March 31st, killing at least 33 people, injuring over 211 more and causing significant property damage, including leaving over 766,000 customers without electricity. While outbreaks of this sort are not unheard of, some scientists are warning that it could be a symptom of broader trends in severe weather – including more tornadoes in the Chicago area – as human-induced climate change upsets global weather patterns.

The Russian Invasion of Ukraine through the Lens of International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law – an Exploratory Overview

Linus H­­öller, Northwestern University[1] First published March 13, 2022 Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has fundamentally changed the security architecture of Europe and shown that wars of aggression are not a thing of a bygone era but continue to be a possibility in the modern, nuclear world. Along with the repercussions for international relations, however, the…